2019-07-10作者:2019n2y2推荐访问:雅思 外语




  Section 1







  1. The woman’s title: manager

  2. Preferred location: near the station

  3. Company size: total staff number: 40

  4. Preferred date: May

  5. The size of the new office:12000 square meters

  6. Remove the booths in conference room

  7. There are boards

  8. Storeroom need enlargement, too small

  9. Kitchen needs some improvements

  10. The terrace is with a view of river outside the building



  Section 2






  11-15)Multiple Choice

  11. What is the first-year activity?

  A. drama festival

  B. art exhibition

  C. sports activities

  12. Which card do volunteers’ use for parking?

  A. yellow card

  B. blue card

  C. pink card

  13. What is the main way of latest advertisement?

  A. website

  B. radio

  C. leaflet

  14. Where do most volunteers come from?

  A. primary school

  B. the same secondary school

  C. local clubs

  15. Volunteers can join in activity such as barbecue, what will not beprovided during barbecue?

  A. cutlery

  B. vegetarian food

  C. napkin

  16-20)Map Matching

  16. Sculpture (on the left of entrance; the first one on the bottomleft)

  17. Wood carving (2nd one on the bottom left wood carving)

  18. Art exhibition (top left of map; the main exhibition area of themap)

  19. Pottery (2nd one start from right; it was used for photograph, but manypeople do not agree, so built it as pottery)

  20. Oil painting (the first one from right hand)



  Section 3








  Section 4



  主题:Field trip to Quebec in Canada



  31. Every student should make registration at reception.

  32. 路上设置了很多 telephone 亭 for safety.

  33. 测量data 看看 climate 变化情况/driving on rock road may cause severedamage tocars.

  34. Small town with only 300 habitats, there will be disturbinginsects.

  35. Radison Centre looks after cities’ ecology.

  36. May need to have car repairs, keep your eyes open.

  37. In the area of Mukang, there are Not many types of plants.

  38. Photographs of birds should be taken for future analysis.

  39. Road is dangerous because it had some hidden pools.

  40. Water samples will be checked for coming with rainfall.





  Describe a time you enjoyed a free day off work or school.

  You should say:

  when it was

  where you were

  what you did

  how long the free time lasted

  and explain how you felt about it.

  题目来源:Part 2


  1. 这道题目让我们描述”a time”,可见是一道事件题,回答时需要注意连接词的使用;

  2. 题目问的是“enjoyed”,所以在回答时需要注意过去时态的使用;

  3. 题目问到了“what you did”,我们可以按照时间顺序列举一些活动,一定要注意连接词的使用,使得“coherence”满足要求。


  It was during the New Year’s time not long ago when I enjoyed a free dayoff school.

  I began my day late, which meant that I got up really late in the day. Inthe usual days, I needed to get up early to attend my classes which usuallybegan at 8.00 am and thus I needed to reach there before the class hour.Therefore I chose to stay in bed on my free day off for a little longer thanusual before getting up.

  Then I got up at about 10am and enjoyed a really hearty breakfast, whichseemed to be a luxury during my usual busy schedule. When I had classes in themornings, I would grab something to eat on the go so I decided to sit down andenjoy some nice foods and a cup of tasty coffee to kick start my free day.

  After finishing my breakfast, I went to the Xiaoyushan Park where I couldfind some serenity. The park was situated on top of a hill by the beach so I satthere, looked at the city and thought about my 2018, which just passed. Then, Iwent to a cat cafe nearby so that I could cuddle and stroke some cats while Ienjoyed my lunch. I had always wanted to keep a cat as a pet however I stilllived in the school accommodation where we were not allowed to keep a pet. Bychilling out with the cats in the cafe, I felt that all the confusion andannoyance from my study flew away. I stayed in the cafe until dust, when Iwalked to the beach down the hill. The beach provided a very nice view andactually, I was fond of enjoying the sunset on a beach. So I picked a spot andsat down, watched the sun disappear and left the beach after it was totallydark. I took a bus back to my dorm, took a hot bath and ended my free day byenjoying some TV programmes before going to sleep.

  I found my free day off quite healing. My regular days were extremelyintolerable because as a student of undergraduate, I needed to remain busy roundthe day. I had to participate in multiple activities related to my academicstudies while sparing some time for extracurricular stuff such as being involvedin the Students’ Union. Therefore, when I had the free day off, I didn’t want toset an agenda for it. I just wanted to take the time to really relax and refreshand in fact, I did feel emotionally and physically ready for new challengesahead after my one day off.



  hearty adj. 丰盛的

  on the go 在路上

  serenity n. 宁静

  cuddle v. 拥抱

  stroke v. 轻抚

  kick start 开始

  dust n. 黄昏

  healing adj. 治愈的

  1. What do people like to do when they are free in your country ?

  题目来源:Part 3


  ? idea:人们喜欢做很多事情(这道题目主要是希望我们能进行列举)

  ? example:宅在家stay at home(打扫卫生、和家人在一起),出去看电影,去爬山

  ? reason:平时的工作学习很忙,没时间打扫房间,没时间陪家人,没时间锻炼;现代中国人越来越注重养生


  There are a number of things people like to do. For example, some ofChinese people like to stay at home whenever they are free as they are so tiredby their busy work and study. When they are free, they prefer to stay at home,do some housework or enjoy some time with their families. Also there someChinese who like to spend their time outdoors, such as walking in a park orclimbing a mountain. Nowadays, more and more people in China take healthylifestyle seriously. So some outdoor activities are becoming a more popularchoice when it comes to a free day out.



  take … seriously 重视……

  2. Do you think parents should make plans for their children ?

  题目来源:Part 3


  ? idea:No

  ? reason:孩子是独立的个体,他们应当自己决定自己的计划;孩子通过自己决定自己的计划,可以学会时间管理(timemanagement);如果家长为孩子制定计划,那肯定都是让孩子上补习班,孩子得不到休息。


  I would say no to this question. To me all children are independentindividuals who should be empowered to plan their own time. Besides, by makingplans of their time, children can achieve the ability of time management whichwill be beneficial to them in the long run. Last but not the least, if parentsare making plans for their children, they will fill kids’t spare time with manyextracurricular classes which adds extra burden to a kid.



  be empowered to do 被赋权做某事

  in the long run 长远来看

  3. Do you think most people are able to manage their free time ?

  题目来源:Part 3


  ? idea:no,大部分人在时间管理上都做得不是很好

  ? reason:很多人有了空余时间,就全部用来玩手机、玩电脑;很多人没有提前做计划的习惯,因为从小都是听别人的指挥来安排时间。


  Definitely not. Actually most people are unable to manage their free timeperfectly. For example, some people tend to waste their free time on the phoneor computer games which are unhealthy to their eyes and bodies. What’s more,it’s unusual for many people to make plans for their free time as they didn’tlearn the skill of time management when they were kids.



  perfectly adv. 完美地


  Passage 1




















  可参考真题:C11T3P1:The Story of Silk

  Passage 2







  14. hunting

  15. overkill model

  16. disease/hyperdisease

  17. empirical evidence

  18. climatic instability

  19. geographical

  20. younger Dryas event

  21. A

  22. B

  23. A

  24. B

  25. B

  26. C

  可参考真题:C9T1P3:The History of the Tortoise


  Mammoth Kill

  Mammoth is any species of the extinct genus Mammuthus, proboscideanscommonly equipped with long, curved tusks and in northern species, a covering oflong hair. They lived from the Ptiocene epoch from around 5 million years ago,into the Hotocene at about 4,500 years ago, and were members of the familyElephantidae, which contains, along with mammoths, the two genera of modernelephants and their ancestors.

  A Like their modern relatives, mammoths were quite large. The largest knownspecies reached heights in the region of 4m at the shoulder and weights up t0 8tonnes, while exceptionally large males may have exceeded 12 tonnes. However,most species of mammoth were only about as large as a modern Asian elephant.Both sexes bore tusks. A first, small set appeared at about the age of sixmonths and these were replaced at about 18 months by the permanent set. Growthof the permanent set was at a rate of about l t0 6 inches per year. Based onstudies of their close relatives, the modem elephants, mammoths probably had agestation period of 22 months, resulting in a single calf being born. Theirsocial structure was probably the same as that of African and Asian elephants,with females living in herds headed by a matriarch, whilst hulls lived solitarylives or formed loose groups after sexual maturity.

  B MEXICO CITY-Although it’s hard to imagine in this age of urban sprawl andautomobiles, North America once belonged to mammoths, camels, ground sloths aslarge as cows, bear-size beavers and other formidable beasts. Some 11,000 yearsago, however, these large bodied mammals and others-about 70 species inall-disappeared. Their demise coincided roughly with the arrival of humans inthe New World and dramatic climatic change-factors that have inspired severaltheories about the die-off. Yet despite decades of scientific investigation, theexact cause remains a mystery. Now new findings offer support to one of thesecontroversial hypotheses: that human hunting drove this megafaunal menagerie (巨型动物兽群)to extinction. The overkill model emerged in the 1960s, when it was putforth by Paul S. Martin of the University of Arizona. Since then, critics havecharged that no evidence exists to support the idea that the first Americanshunted to the extent necessary to cause these extinctions. But at the annualmeeting of the Society of Vertebrate Paleontology in Mexico City last October,paleoecologist John Alroy of the University of California at Santa Barbaraargued that, in fact, hunting-driven extinction is not only plausible, it wasunavoidable. He has determined, using a computer simulation that even a verymodest amount of hunting would have wiped these animals out.

  C Assuming an initial human population of 100 people that grew no more than2 percent annually, Alroy determined that if each band of, say, 50 people killed15 to 20 large mammals a year, humans could have eliminated the animalpopulations within 1,000 years. Large mammals in particular would have beenvulnerable to the pressure because they have longer gestation periods thansmaller mammals and their young require extended care.

  D Not everyone agrees with Alroy’s assessment. For one, the results dependin part on population-size estimates for the extinct animals-figures that arenot necessarily reliable. But a more specific criticism comes from mammalogistRoss D. E. MacPhee of the American Museum of Natural History in New York City,who points out that the relevant archaeological record contains barely a dozenexamples of stone points embedded in mammoth bones (and none, it should benoted, are known from other megafaunal remains)-hardly what one might expect ifhunting drove these animals to extinction. Furthermore, some of these specieshad huge rangesthe giant Jefferson’s ground sloth, for example, lived as farnorth as the Yukon and as far south as Mexicowhich would have made slaughteringthem in numbers sufficient to cause their extinction rather implausible, hesays.

  E MacPhee agrees that humans most likely brought about these extinctions(as well as others around the world that coincided with human arrival), but notdirectly. Rather he suggests that people may have introduced hyperlethaldisease, perhaps through their dogs or hitchhiking vermin, which then spreadwildly among the immunologically naive species of the New World. As in theoverkill model, populations of large mammals would have a harder timerecovering. Repeated outbreaks of a hyperdisease could thus quickly drive themto the point of no return. So far MacPhee does not have empirical evidence forthe hyperdisease hypothesis, and it won’t be easy to come by: hyperlethaldisease would kill far too quickly to leave its signature on the bonesthemselves. But he hopes that analyses of tissue and DNA from the last mammothsto perish will eventually reveal murderous microbes.

  F The third explanation for what brought on this North American extinctiondoes not involve human beings. Instead, its proponents blame the loss on theweather. The Pleistocene epoch witnessed considerable climatic instability,explains paleontologist Russell W. Graham of the Denver Museum of Nature andScience. As a result, certain habitats disappeared, and species that had onceformed communities split apart. For some animals, this change broughtopportunity. For much of the megafauna, however, the increasingly homogeneousenvironment left them with shrinking geographical ranges-a death sentence forlarge animals, which need large ranges. Although these creatures managed tomaintain viable populations through most of the Pleistocene, the final majorfluctuation-the so-called Younger Dryas eventpushed them over the edge, Grahamsays. For his part, Alroy is convinced that human hunters demolished the titansof the Ice Age. The overkill model explains everything the disease and climatescenarios explain, he asserts, and makes accurate predictions about whichspecies would eventually go extinct. “Personally, I’m a vegetarian,” he remarks,“and I find all of this kind of gross-but believable.”

  Passage 3





















  可参考真题:C10T2P2:Gifted Children and Learning


  TASK 1




  1. 注意改写题目,1980到2000刚好二十年的时间,可以变为two decades.

  2. 动态图要注意数据的上升/下降/不变的趋势;

  3. 时态:过去时, 过去完成时;

  4. 一直到2000年才出现了用Email沟通交流的方式;

  5. 变化的是电脑的使用时间占比,从2%上升到了30%,并且在2000成为欢迎的办公方式之一;

  6. 电话和书面档案(paper document)的使用时间下降;

  7. 面对面交流这个办公方式使用时间没有变化;


  The two pie charts give information about how much time was spent onactivities in an American office over two decades (1980-2000).

  It is clear that in 1980, the most popular activities in the office was tophone other people, accounted for around 30%. Followed by using paper document,took up of 20% of the total percentage. Meanwhile, using computer was thelowest, only 2% of workers prefer this method. The ratio of face-to-facecommunication, meeting and other activities were similar, accounted for 14%, 19%and 15% respectively.

  There had been some changes in the ways of working in 2000. One of themajor differences was that people started to use email to communicate at work,which made up of 8%. Also, the time spent on computers took up the highestproportion (30%). Meanwhile, holding meetings became the least popular foremployees (6%). The rate of paper document decreased by half, while theproportion of other activities and talking stayed constant.

  Overall, it can be seen from the chart that instead of the traditionalapproach such as using paper document or face-to-face meetings, the use oftechnology had been adopted by many office workers.

  (194 words)

  TASK 2

  Some people hold that we should spend amount of time and money on theprotection of wild animals. Some people argue that they should be spent on humanpopulations. To what extent do you agree or disagree ?




  TA/TR(key words):









  In these days, with some improper human activities such as hunting rareanimals and the extinction of some endangered animals, there has been an intensedebate about whether too many resources, including time and money, are allocatedto preserve wild animals.

  Proponents of this opinion may argue that human beings could have done moreto safeguard wild animals from being extinct, so that less animals would havedied out or diminished. After all, animals, as a key component of the whole foodchain, exert a profound impact on the sustainability of an ecosystem. And everyexistent animal plays a crucial part in the nature balance. For example, thedecrease of owls will lead to the multiplication of voles which are big eatersof crops. If the importance of protecting wildlife is underestimated, we humanbeings would be affected adversely in the end.

  However, considering the allocation of the taxes levied from citizens,opponents believe that the government has more issues related to human ratherthan animals to give priority to, among which are education and technology, andthere is no doubt that these two aspects are essential for human furtherdevelopment economically and environmentally; as a result the two industriesgive an impetus to the economic development of society, which will be conduciveto the protection of wildlife in turn. As long as the government has the abilityto construct more conservations for diverse animals, and the awareness ofvaluing animals is cultivated among all the residents, the better livingenvironment can be guaranteed for all the wildlife.

  From my perspective, considerable significance should be attached to thepreservation of wildlife, but in the meantime, other crucial projects should notbe ignored, especially education and technology.

  (286 words)