2019-06-21作者:2019n1y1推荐访问:雅思 外语




  Section 1






  1. company name: Central Hotel Chanis

  2. letters of address should be bigger

  3. the pool should be removed

  4. change the desc ription under the top photo to reception

  5. use the picture with view / views of the hotel

  6. the price / prices should be in red print

  7. translate into Spanish

  8. deadline: by the end of July

  9. address: no. 9 green drive, Cliffton, NY 21300

  10. telephone number: 903036602



  Section 2






  11-15)Multiple Choice

  11. Why XXX didn’t attend today?

  A. She’s not very well

  B. David is the manage director now

  C. 暂缺

  12. Disadvantage of new library?

  A. expensive ticket

  B. lack of publicity

  C. inconvenient time

  13. What did the man said about theft at library?

  A. building facility was destroyed

  B. a large number of items were stolen

  C. theft already had preparation and plans

  14. Why they want to expand the library?

  A. it has no renovation since it was founded

  B. it needs to double the number of computers

  C. need to increase number of visiting people

  15. The investment of library will be deployed to?

  A. extra staff recruit

  B. computer

  C. lighting

  16-20)Map Matching

  16 child room-C

  17 committee room-E

  18 café-B

  19 academic room-H

  20 multimedia room-G



  Section 3








  Section 4



  主题:UN report in 1987



  31. Lecture aim: the analysis of confusion

  32. Sustainability for future generation

  33. No much mention of environment

  34. Poor country should have the same rights as rich country to naturalresource

  35. Synonym for green but need time for technology to offer solution

  36. Sustainable lobby was used for development in nuclear power

  37. Example: Take research on Electric cars build up more station onroadsinstead of better battery

  38. Crop need water about 75%

  39. In the use of natural resource: such as sun flowers or wheat whichconsumed much less water instead of corn

  40. The people faced water problem is to change of our diet




  Desc ribe a language you want to learn (not English)

  You should say:

  What it is

  How you would learn it

  Where you would learn it

  And why you want to learn the language


  1. 一般现在时,注意必要时动词第三人称单数变形;

  2. 一般过去式:注意动词过去式正确变形;

  3. 现在完成时:have / has done,注意助动词have / has与人称的正确搭配,以及动词过去分词的正确变形;

  4. 现在完成进行时:have / has been doing,注意助动词have / has与人称的正确搭配,以及动词过去分词的正确变形;

  5. 一般将来时,注意will或者shall均为情态动词,之后一律要跟上动词原形。

  话题一开始,简单明了的告诉考官你想学的语言是什么,在这里可以用到一个短语叫做the first thing that comes to my mindis…意思为我第一个想到的就是什么,那么作为想学习的一门语言,可以有:French;Spanish;Korean;Russian;Italian;Japanese;German等等,另外一定要注意的是,作为asecond foreign language(第二外语),一定要讲除英语以外的语言。


  1. 第一次听到这个语言的场景,对于场景我们可以有:when I watched a movie;when I listened to asong;when I heard sb. talking;when I was in a restaurant等等。你对其的感受以及这门语言吸引到你的地方,Ifound it beautiful / amazing / attractive / breath-taking / poetic。

  2. 描述一下自己接触这门语言的经过,觉得简单还是困难,在学习过程中可能或者已经碰见了什么难处,是否可以解决,或者应该怎样解决,对于学习一门语言的困难,我们可以提到:lack of resource;lack of environment;grammar is too hard tohandle;there’s a world of difference between this language and my mothertongue。

  3. 描述这门语言是否实用,通过学习这门语言自己可以如何获利。


  If I have to choose a language that I would like to learn in the future,Spanish is definitely the first thing that comes to my mind which I have beenintending to learn for a long time.

  I still remember the first time I heard Spanish was from a song called “Laisla bonita”, which means the beautiful island, I was truly attracted by themelody and the lyrics of the song even though I couldn’t even understand at thattime. Since then, I started to listen to a lot of Spanish songs and watch someSpanish movies, I was almost addicted to its amazing intonation andpronunciation, no wonder people regard Spanish as the language of God.

  Well, actually I have already started learning Spanish by myself. I boughtsome vocabulary books and downloaded a few apps on my phone to learn from thevery basic things, but soon I realized that it was more than I could teachmyself. Especially when it came to verbs, there were too many forms to masterproperly without any instructions, it gradually made me confused. Plus, thereweren’t any native speakers around me, I had nobody to practice with. Therefore,my plan of learning Spanish didn’t go well like I expected.

  Another reason that I would love to learn Spanish is that it is also aworld wide language besides English, if I can ever have a chance to visit someof my favorite American countries like Mexico and Colombia, Spanish will becomeextremely useful.

  Well, I really hope that some day I could have the opportunity to takeSpanish course and learn from a qualified teacher. I'm aware of the factor thatthere will be many difficulties during the process, but i believe, "Where thereis a will, there is a way."


  Passage 1







  1. Nests

  2. Tortoises

  3. Oaks

  4. Native Americans

  5. presc ribed burns

  6. shrubs

  7. soil

  8. ants

  9. eggs

  10. TRUE

  11. FALSE


  13. TRUE

  可参考真题:C5T4P2:Flawed Beauty: the problem with toughened glass


  The Forgotten Forest

  Found only in the Deep South of America, long leaf pine woodlands havedwindled to about 3 percent of their former range, but new efforts are under wayto restore them.

  THE BEAUTY AND THE BIODIVERSITY of the longleaf pine forest are well-keptsecrets, even in its native South. Yet it is among the richest ecosystems inNorth America, rivaling tallgrass prairies and the ancient forests of thePacific Northwest in the number of species it shelters. And like those two otherdisappearing wildlife habitats, longleaf is also critically endangered.

  In longleaf pine forests, trees grow widely scattered, creating an open,parklike environment, more like a savanna than a forest. The trees are not sodense as to block the sun. This openness creates a forest floor that is amongthe most diverse in the world, where plants such as many-flowered grass pinks,trumpet pitcher plants, Venus flytraps, lavender ladies and pineland bog-buttonsgrow. As many as 50 different species of wild flowers, shrubs, grasses and fernshave been cataloged in just a single square meter.

  Once, nearly 92 million acres of longleaf forest flourished from Virginiato Texas, the only place in the world where it is found. By the turn of the 21stcentury, however, virtually all of it had been logged, paved or farmed intooblivion. Only about 3 percent of the original range still supports longleafforest, and only about 10,000 acres of that is uncut old-growth-the rest isforest that has regrown after cutting. An estimated 100,000 of those acres arestill vanishing every year. However, a quiet movement to reverse this trend isrippling across the region. Governments, private organisations (including NWF)and individual conservationists are looking for ways to protect and preserve theremaining longleaf and to plant new forests for future generations.

  Figuring out how to bring back the piney woods also will allow biologiststo help the plants and animals that depend on this habitat. Nearly two-thirds ofthe declining, threatened or endangered species in the southeastern UnitedStates are associated with longleaf. The outright destruction of longleaf isonly part of their story, says Mark Danaher, the biologist for South Carolina’sFrancis Marion National Forest. He says the demise of these animals and plantsalso is tied to a lack of fire, which once swept through the southern forests ona regular basis.”Fire is absolutely critical for this ecosystem and for thespecies that depend on it,”says Danaher.

  Name just about any species that occurs in longleaf and you can find aconnection to fire. Bach-man’s sparrow is a secretive bird with a beautiful songthat echoes across the longleaf flat woods. It tucks its nest on the groundbeneath clumps of wiregrass and little bluestem in the open under story, Butonce fire has been absent for several years, and a tangle of shrubs starts togrow, the sparrows disappear. Gopher tortoises, the only native land tortoiseseast of the Mississippi, are also abundant in longleaf. A keystone species forthese forests, its burrows provide homes and safety to more than 300 species ofvertebrates and invertebrates ranging from eastern diamondback rattlesnakes togopher frogs, If fire is suppressed, however, the tortoises are choked out.”Ifwe lose fire,”says Bob Mitchell, an ecologist at the Jones Center,”we losewildlife.”

  Without fire, we also lose longleaf. Fire knocks back the oaks and otherwoods that can grow up to overwhelm longleaf forests. They are fireforests,”Mitchell says: They evolved in the lightning capital of the easternUnited States.”And it wasn’t only lightning strikes that set the forestaflame.”Native Americans also lit fires to keep the forest open,”Mitchellsays.”So did the early pioneers. They helped create the longleaf pine foreststhat we know today.”

  Fire also changes how nutrients flow throughout longleaf ecosystems, inways we are just beginning to understand. For example, researchers havediscovered that frequent fires provide extra calcium, which is critical for eggproduction, to endangered red-cockaded woodpeckers. Frances James, a retiredavian ecologist from Florida State University, has studied these smallblack-and-white birds for more than two decades in Florida’s sprawlingApalachicola National Forest. When she realised female woodpeckers laid largerclutches in the first breeding season after their territories were burned, sheand her colleagues went searching for answers.”We learned calcium is stashedaway in woody shrubs when the forest is not burned,”James says.“But when thereis a fire, a pulse of calcium moves down into the soil and up into thelongleaf.”Eventually, this calcium makes its way up the food chain to atree-dwelling species of ant, which is the red-cockaded’s favorite food. Theresult: more calcium for the birds, which leads to more eggs, more young andmore woodpeckers.

  Today, fire is used as a vital management tool for preserving both longleafand its wildlife. Most of these fires are presc ribed burns, deliberately setwith a drip torch. Although the public often opposes any type of fire-and thesmoke that goes with it-these frequent, low-intensity burns reduce the risk ofcatastrophic conflagrations.”Forests are going to burn,”says Amadou Diop, NWF’ssouthern forests restoration manager.”Il’s just a question of when. Withpresc ribed burns, we can pick the time and the place.”

  Diop is spearheading a new NWF effort to restore longleaf.”It’s a specieswe need to go back to, he says. Educating landowners about the advantages ofgrowing longleaf is part of the program, he adds, which will soon be under wayin nine southern states.”Right now, most longleaf is on public land,”says JerryMcCollum, president of the Georgia Wildlife Federation.”Private land is where weneed to work,”he adds, pointing out that more than 90 percent of the acreagewithin the historic range of longleaf falls under this category.

  Interest among private landowners is growing throughout the South, butrestoring longleaf is not an easy task. The herbaceous layer-the understory ofwiregrasses and other plants-also needs to be re-created. In areas where theland has not been chewed up by farming, but con-verted to loblolly or slash pineplantations, the seed bank of the longleaf forest usually remains viable beneaththe soil. In time, this original vegetation can be coaxed back. Whereagriculture has destroyed the seeds, however, wiregrass must be replanted. Rightnow, the expense is prohibitive, but researchers are searching for low-costsolutions.

  Bringing back longleaf is not for the short-sighted, however. Few of uswill be alive when the pines being planted today become mature forests in 70 to80 years. But that is not stopping longleaf enthusiasts,”Today, it’s gettinghard to find longleaf seedlings to buy,”one of the private landownerssays.”Everyone wants them. Longleaf is in a resurgence.”

  Passage 2







  可参考真题:C12T5P3:What’s the purpose of gaining knowledge?

  Passage 3


  文章题目:What do babies know?(婴儿知道什么?)





  27. TRUE


  29. FALSE


  31. TRUE

  32. FALSE

  33. B

  34. E

  35. A

  36. D

  37. C

  38. B

  39. A

  40. D

  可参考真题:C10T2P2:Gifted children and learning


  What Do Babies Know?

  A As Daniel Haworth is settled into a high chair and wheeled behind a blacksc reen, a sudden look of worry furrows his 9-month-old brow. His dark blue eyesdart left and right in search of the familiar reassurance of his mother's face.She calls his name and makes soothing noises, but Daniel senses somethingunusual is happening. He sucks his fingers for comfort, but, finding no solace,his month crumples, his body stiffens, and he lets rip an almighty shriek ofdistress. This is the usual expression when babies are left alone or abandoned.Mom picks him up, reassures him, and two minutes later, a chortling and alertDaniel returns to the darkened booth behind the sc reen and submits himself tobaby lab, a unit set up in 2005 at the University of Manchester in northwestEngland to investigate how babies think.

  B Watching infants piece life together, seeing their senses, emotions andmotor skills take shape, is a source of mystery and endless fascination-at leastto parents and developmental psychologist. We can decode their signals ofdistress or read a million messages into their first smile. But how much do wereally know about what's going on behind those wide, innocent eyes? How much oftheir understanding of and response to the world comes preloaded at birth? Howmuch

  is built from sc ratch by experience? Such are the questions being exploredat baby lab. Though the facility is just 18 months old and has tested only 100infants, it's already challenging current thinking on what babies know and howthey come to know it.

  C Daniel is now engrossed in watching video clips of a red toy train on acircular track. The train disappears into a tunnel and emerges on the otherside. A hidden device above the sc reen is tracking Daniel's eyes as they followthe train and measuring the diametre of his pupils 50 times a second. As thechild gets bored-or ”habituated”, as psychologists call the process-hisattention level steadily drops. But it picks up a little whenever some noveltyis introduced. The train might be green, or it might be blue. And sometimes animpossible thing happens-the train goes into the tunnel one color and comes outanother.

  D Variations of experiments like this one, examining infant attention, havebeen a standard tool of developmental psychology ever since the Swiss pioneer ofthe field, Jean Piaget ,started experimenting on his children in the1920s.Piaget's work led him to conclude that infants younger than 9 months haveno innate knowledge of how the world works or any sense of "objectpermanence"(that people and things still exist even when they're not seen).Instead, babies must gradually construct this knowledge from experience.Piaget's "constructivist" theories were massively influential on postwareducators and psychologist, but over the past 20 years or

  so they have been largely set aside by a new generation of "nativist"psychologists and cognitive scientists whose more sophisticated experiments ledthem to theorise that infants arrive already equipped with some knowledge of thephysical world and even rudimentary programming for math and language. Baby labdirector Sylvain Sirois has been putting these smart-baby theories through arigorous set of tests. His conclusions so far tend to be more Piagetian:“Babies"he says, "know nothing."

  E What Sirois and his postgraduate assistant Lain Jackson are challengingis the interpretation of a variety of classic experiments begun in the mid-1980sin which babies were shown physical events that appeared to violate such basicconcepts as gravity, solidity and contiguity. In one such experiment, byUniversity of Illinois psychologist Renee Baillargeon, a hinged wooden panelappeared to pass right through a box. Baillargeon and M.I.T's Elizabeth Spelkefound that babies as young as 31/2 months would reliably look longer at theimpossible event than at the

  normal one. Their conclusion: babies have enough built-in knowledge torecognize that some-thing is wrong.

  F Sirois does not take issue with the way these experiments were conducted."The methods are correct and replicable," he says, "it's the interpretationthat's the problem." In a critical review to be published in the forthcomingissue of the European Journal of Developmental Psychology, he and Jackson pourcold water over recent experiments that claim to have observed innate orprecocious social cognition skills in infants. His own experiments indicate thata baby's fascination with physically impossible events merely reflects aresponse to stimuli that are novel. Data from the eye tracker and themeasurement of the pupils(which widen in response to arousal or interest showthat impossible events involving familiar objects are no more interesting thanpossible events involving novel objects. In other words, when Daniel had seenthe red train come out of the tunnel green a few times, he gets as bored as whenit stays the same color. The mistake of previous research, says Sirois, has beento leap to the conclusion that infants can understand the concept ofimpossibility from the mere fact that they are able to perceive some novelty init. ”The real explanation is boring," he says.

  G So how do babies bridge the gap between knowing squat and drawingtriangles-a task Daniel's sister Lois,21/2, is happily tackling as she waits forher brother? "Babies have to learn everything, but as Piaget was saying, theystart with a few primitive reflexes that get things going," said Sirois. Forexample, hardwired in the brain is an instinct that draws a baby's eyes to ahuman face. From brain imaging studies we also know that the brain has some sortof visual buffer that continues to represent objects after they have beenremoved-a lingering perception rather than conceptual understanding. So whenbabies encounter novel or unexpected events, Sirois explains, "there's amismatch between the buffer and the information they're getting at that moment.And what you do when you've got a mismatch is you try to clear the buffer. Andthat takes attention." So learning, says Sirois, is essentially the laboriousbusiness of resolving mismatches. "The thing is, you can do a lot of it withthis wet sticky thing called a brain. It's a fantastic, statistical-learningmachine". Daniel, exams ended, picks up a plastic tiger and, chewingthoughtfully upon its heat, smiles as if to agree.


  TASK 1

  题目:The bar chart below shows the number of visitors to the main attractionsin a European country in 1981, 1991 and 2001.



  注意题目的改写:’in 1981、1991 and 200’ 一共二十年的时间,可以改写为20-year- period或者twodecades.




  首先可以从人数最多的central amusement park开始描述其二十年的趋势;

  呈上升趋势的:national park; national gallery (每十年就几乎又一倍的增长);

  呈下降趋势的:science park;

  无明显趋势变化:central zoo


  The bar charts give information about how many travelers have visited fivetourist destinations in a European country and how this number has changed intwo decades.

  It is noticeable that Central amusement park was the most attractivetourist spot with 25 million people visiting in 1981. Though this figure droppedto 20 million in 1991, it reclined to 22 million a decade later. Anothernoticeable finding is that in one decade (1981-1991), the number of peoplevisiting the National Park witnessed a dramatical increase from 10 million to 15million. This climb slowed down in the next decade with an increase of only 2million people.

  A similar trend has been found in the increase of travelers to the NationalGallery. In 1981, only 7 million people chose to visit that attraction. However,this figure was almost doubled in 10-years’ time. It continued to grow under thesimilar speed, in 2001, more than 20 million people have visited the NationalGallery.

  The figure has shown little change in the Science Park. In 1981, only 7million people have visited that place. After experiencing a slight increase,the number continued to drop and reached 6 million in 2001. Similarly, thefigure for Central Zoo remained stable, with just 5 million of visitors goingthere for two decades, which makes it the least attractive tourist spot forpeople.

  (227 words)

  TASK 2

  In some countries, people waste a lot of food which is bought in shops andrestaurants. What do you think are the reasons? What can be done to solve thisproblem?

  Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from yourown knowledge or experience.




  TA/TR(key words):






全球化,网购广告等诱 惑人们大量购买食物



  In the current society, with the improving life standard, diet has become ahot topic discussed among citizens who attach importance to what they are goingto eat. As a byproduct of this circumstance, the great amount of wasted food hasbeen an top concern around the world.

  No one can deny why the waste of food is enormous is because people havingmore money than before are prone to buy more food based on their preferenceinstead of their real needs; as a result, lots of food cannot be consumed, andthe exceeded expense would be one of the main reasons. Meanwhile, taking theglobalization into consideration, the whole world is merging, which means thatvarious products from different areas can be brought to everyone's life by usingonline shopping, and the sale promotion and advertisements used by themanufacturers are crammed into our daily life; therefore, the increasingtemptations and convenience motivate individuals' curiosity to place orderrepetitively even they do not need, which gradually forms a habit ofwasting.

  However, there is the fact that food is the treasure and is worth tocherishing, so that everyone has the responsibility to save the food.Government, as the maker of all the rules in the society, can formulate thestrict principles and implement seriously to prevent people from wasting food,such as improving the supervising system and rising the fine. Besides, comparedwith the punishment, the prevention shouldn't be ignored. Increasing theawareness of saving food in the society can also contribute to help people tobuild a right concept of consumption, which can be an effective way to solve theproblem from its origin.

  In conclusion, although the better life offers people more opportunities toexperience new and attractive things, we do need to maintain some goodtraditions, and the importance of saving food should be noticed.